Tanzania – Ngorongoro Crater – Wildlife & Geology

The Ngorongoro Crater is a large, inactive, and unfilled volcanic caldera located in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in the Arusha Region of Tanzania. The crater is part of the larger Serengeti ecosystem, and is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including lions, elephants, zebras, and many other species. The area is known for its stunning scenery and abundant wildlife and is a popular destination for tourists visiting Tanzania.

Ngorongoro Crater, a wonder of the earth
A vast caldera, a natural birth
Formed by a massive volcanic eruption
It left behind a landscape of pure creation

The walls of the crater rise up high
A breathtaking view from way up in the sky
Down below, a world of life unfolds
Plants and animals, young and old

The crater floor is a paradise
A place where animals roam and thrive
Gazelles and zebras, elephants and more
All call the crater their home

Ngorongoro Crater, a place of wonder
A true masterpiece, created by thunder
A natural wonder, for all to see
A treasure of the earth, for you and me

The caldera was formed by the collapse of the volcano that created the crater about two to three million years ago. The walls of the crater are steep, rising 610 meters (2,000 feet) from the crater floor, and the floor of the crater is about 260 square kilometers (100 square miles) in area. Ngorongoro’s home to, among many others, lions, hyenas, elephants, and zebras.

Overall, the Serengeti is a region in northern Tanzania known for its vast grasslands and wildlife. The geology of the Serengeti is largely shaped by the East African Rift, a major geological feature that runs through the region and has created a number of geological features, such as the Serengeti plains and the Ngorongoro Crater. The region is a complex array of volcanic rocks, sedimentary rocks, and metamorphic rocks.

The Olduvai Gorge is one of the most important paleoanthropological sites in the world. Archaeologists Louis and Mary Leakey had been finding fossil evidence of early man in the Olduvai Gorge since 1913, but it was in 1978 that Mary uncovered the oldest hominid footprints known to man, estimated at 3.6 million years old.

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