Travel power adapters are devices used to convert the electrical input
from one type of outlet to another so that electronic devices from one country can be used in another country where the electrical outlets are different. This mainly a concern for non-European travelers.
Different countries use different electrical standards, including different plug shapes, voltages, and frequencies. For example, the United States uses a 110-120 volt system with a frequency of 60 Hz, while many European countries, including Turkey, use a 220–240-volt system with a frequency of 50 Hz. This means that electronic devices purchased in the United States may not work properly in European countries without a travel power adapter.
Travel power adapters come in different types, with each type designed to fit a specific country or region’s electrical outlet. Some adapters have multiple types of plugs built-in, making them suitable for use in multiple countries. Other adapters may have interchangeable plugs that can be swapped out to fit different outlets. Today most devices are dual-voltage, so all you need is the adapter. If your device is not dual voltage (many hair-dryers) you’ll need a voltage transformer also. Luckily most hotels now have hair dryers.
Type C is also used in parts of the Middle East, and much of Africa, Brazil, the former Soviet republics and much of Asia outside China,
It’s important to choose the correct adapter
for your destination country and device. Using the wrong adapter or plugging a device into the wrong voltage can damage the device and even cause a fire.
For India there are three associated plug types,
types C, D and M. Plug type D is the plug which has three round pins in a triangular pattern and plug type M is the plug which also has three round pins. India operates on a 230V supply voltage and 50Hz.
If you’re traveling to India, one highly recommended option is to get an adapter which has several switchable plugs. Look for an adapter which also includes a European type C option. These universal adapters are still compact.
An important addition to your international travel kit
is an extension cord, especially for CPAP users, as outlets are minimal and may not be near the bed. The best option is a small power surge protector with multiple outlets & USB ports. Look for a long extension cord.